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2

El misterio de la cripta embrujada

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University Printing House, Cambridge CB2 8BS, United Kingdom One Liberty Plaza, 20th Floor, New York, NY 10006, USA

477 Williamstown Road, Port Melbourne, VIC 3207, Australia

4843/24, 2nd Floor, Ansari Road, Daryaganj, Delhi – 110002, India 79 Anson Road, #06–04/06, Singapore 079906

Cambridge University Press is part of the University of Cambridge.

It furthers the University’s mission by disseminating knowledge in the pursuit of education, learning and research at the highest international levels of excellence.

www.cambridge.org

Information on this title: www.cambridge.org/elt

© Cambridge University Press 2017

This publication is in copyright. Subject to statutory exception and to the provisions of relevant collective licensing agreements, no reproduction of any part may take place without the written permission of Cambridge University Press.

First published 2005

Third Edition 2017

A catalogue record for this publication is available from the British Library ISBN 978-1-316-63152-2 Edition with answers and ebook

ISBN 978-1-316-63153-9 Edition with answers

ISBN 978-1-316-631546 ebook

Cambridge University Press has no responsibility for the persistence or accuracy of URLs for external or third-party internet websites referred to in this publication, and does not guarantee that any content on such websites is, or will remain, accurate or appropriate. Information regarding prices, travel timetables, and other factual information given in this work is correct at the time of first printing but Cambridge University Press does not guarantee the accuracy of such information thereafter.





Contents

Thanks

16 Communications address,

Introduction

computer, memory stick

People

17 Your phone apps, voicemail, text

1 The family mother, uncle, relatives

Leisure

2 Birth, marriage and death birthday,

18 Holidays package holiday,

married, die

currency, visa

3 Parts of the body head, foot,

19 Shops and shopping chemist’s,

shoulder

department store, credit card

4 Clothes hat, shirt, trousers

20 O; nline shopping reviews,

basket, delivery

5 Describing people tall, dark,

good-looking

21 In a hotel single room, key,

luggage

6 Health and illness headache, heart

attack, exercise

22 Eating out café, menu, fish

and chips

7 Feelings love, tired, thirsty

23 Sports table tennis, judo,

8 Conversations 1: Greetings and

volleyball

wishes Good morning, Happy New

Year, well done

24 Cinema western, film star, director

9 Conversations 2: Useful words

25 Free time at home gardening,

and expressions I don’t mind,

listening to CDs, programme

anyway, let’s

26 Music and musical instruments

At home

guitar, jazz, orchestra

10 Food and drink rice, tea, vegetables

The world

11 In the kitchen fridge, glass,

27 Countries and nationalities Spain,

saucepan

Chinese, continent

12 In the bedroom and bathroom

28 Weather cold, rain, storm

wardrobe, shampoo, mirror

29 In the town railway station, bank,

13 In the living room bookshelf, lamp,

town hall

remote control

30 In the countryside hill, farm, river

School and workplace

31 Animals horse, giraffe, pet

14 Jobs secretary, factory, nurse

32 Travelling train, map, flight

15 At school and university biology,

notebook, pass an exam

33 UK culture fireworks, roast beef,

Christmas

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary

3



Social issues

Words and grammar

34 Crime murder, prison, guilty

50 Conjunctions and connecting words

because, only, before

35 The media TV channel, magazine,

talk show

51 Days, months, seasons Monday,

July, winter

36 Problems at home and work repair,

untidy, in a bad mood

52 Time words next year, often,

once a week

37 Global problems hurricane,

war, strike

53 Places middle, front, abroad

Everyday verbs

54 Manner fast, loud, the right way

38 Have / had / had have breakfast,

55 Common uncountable nouns

have time, have a swim

money, bread, information

39 Go / went / gone go away, go

56 Common adjectives: Good and bad

shopping, go home

things nice, awful, lovely

40 Do / did / done do an exercise, do

57 Words and prepositions wait for,

your best, do the washing

belong to, good at

41 Make / made / made make coffee,

58 Prefixes impossible, ex- wife,

make a mistake, make a noise

unsafe

42 Come / came / come come in, come

59 Suffixes swimmer, useless, sunny

from, come back

60 Words you may confuse quiet /

43 Take / took / taken take the bus,

quite, lend / borrow, cook / cooker

take a photo, take an exam

Answer key

44 Bring / brought / brought bring

something here, bring back, take

Phonemic symbols

45 Get / got / got get tired, get better,

Index

get married

Irregular verbs

46 Phrasal verbs get up, put on,

turn down

How to learn vocabulary

47 Everyday things watch TV, wash

Acknowledgements

clothes, go for a walk

How to use the ebook

█████████

48 Talking say, tell, ask

49 Moving walk, drive, fly

4

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary





Thanks

Sabina Ostrowska wrote two new units for the Third Edition: Unit 17, Your phone, and Unit 20,

Online shopping. The publishers would like to thank Sabina for her contribution to this new edition.

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary

5





Introduction

To the student

This book will help you learn around 1, 250 new words and phrases. You can use the book yourself, without a teacher. You can do the units in any order you like. If you have the edition with the ebook, you can listen to the pronunciation of all the new vocabulary, and highlight text. see

page 171 for more information about the ebook.

Here is what the pages look like:

The left-hand page presents

Diagrams and pictures

the new vocabulary.

show the meaning.

The left-hand page is

divided into sections.

Example sentences show

the words in context.

Common mistakes and

Mini-dialogues show how

learning tips are also given

people use the words in

on the left-hand page.

real situations.

The right-hand page

practises the new

A lot of diff erent exercise

vocabulary.

types are used: gap-fills,

answering questions,

matching, etc.

Pictures, tables and

diagrams give variety to

the exercises.

Over to you tasks give you

a chance to do more work

on the topic of the unit.

The Answer key at the end of the book is for you to check your answers to the exercises aft er you do them. The Answer key sometimes has more than one answer. This is because there is oft en not just one correct way of saying something. The Answer key also has possible answers for most of the exercises which are open-ended, or where you are asked to talk about yourself.

The Index at the end of the book has all the important words and phrases from the left-hand pages. The Index also tells you how to pronounce words. There is a list of phonemic symbols to help you understand the pronunciation on page 158.

It is a good idea to have a dictionary with you when you use the book so you can check the meaning of something, or translate a word into your own language. sometimes, you will also need a dictionary for the exercises; we tell you when this is so. You also need a vocabulary notebook to write down new words. see page 170 for ideas on how to learn and remember these new words.

We hope you like this book. When you have finished all the units in this book, you can go to the next bookintheseries, EnglishVocabularyinUse:Pre-intermediateandIntermediate, andafterthat,tothe higher levels, English Vocabulary in Use: Upper-intermediate and English Vocabulary in Use: Advanced.

6

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary



To the teacher

This book can be used in class or as a self-study book. It is intended for learners at A1–A2 levels of the Council of Europe scale. It aims to take learners with a very basic level of vocabulary to a point where they can use approximately 2,000 words and phrases and teaches them around 1, 250 new words and phrases. The vocabulary has been chosen for its usefulness in everyday situations, and we consulted a written and spoken corpus of present-day English to help us decideonthewordsandphrasestobeincluded.Thenewvocabulary(onaverage20–30items perunit)ispresentedwithphotosorillustrationsandexplanationsontheleft-handpage,and thereareexercisesandactivitiesontheright-handpage.ThereisanAnswerkeyandanIndex withpronunciationforallthekeyvocabulary.

The book focuses not just on single words, but also on useful phrases and collocations. For example,difficultteachingpointssuchasthedifferencebetweendoandmakearedealt withthroughcollocation(wedoourhomework,butwemakemistakes),andusefulphrases (e.g. comealong)arepresented.

Thebookisorganisedaroundeverydaytopics,butalsohasunitsdevotedtocoreverbssuch asgetandbring/take.Typicalerrorsareindicatedwhereappropriate,andthemosttypical meanings and uses are focused on for each key item. The units in the book can be used in any order you like, but it is often a good idea to do blocks of units based round the same topic (e.g. People,Athome,Leisure).

Theright-handpagesofferavarietyofdifferenttypesofactivities,includingtraditionalonessuch asgap-filling,butalsomoreopen-endedonesandpersonalisedactivitieswhichenablelearnersto talkabouttheirownlives.Althoughtheactivitiesandexercisesaredesignedforself-study,theycan easilybeadaptedforpairwork,groupworkorwhole-classactivitiesintheusualways.Forexample, where there are dialogues, students can take the speaking parts and practise the conversations, and where the exercises have questions and answers, students can practise asking each other the questions and answering them. See who has the best ideas for recording vocabulary in their notebook. The Answer key sometimes gives alternative answers to the exercises, and also gives possible model answers for the more personalised ones.

When the learners have worked through a group of units, it is a good idea to repeat some of the work (for example, the exercises) and to expand on the meaning and use of key words and phrases by extra discussion in class, and find other examples of the key items in other texts and situations. This can be done at intervals of one to three months after first working on a unit. This is important, since it is usually the case that learners need five to seven exposures to a word or phrase before they can really know it, and no single book can do enough to ensure that words are always learnt first time.

When your students have finished and reviewed all the units in this book, they can move on to the next book in this series: English Vocabulary in Use: Pre-intermediate and Intermediate, by Stuart Redman.

Findmoreresourcesforteachersatwww.cambridge.org

We hope you enjoy using the book.

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary

7





1 Thefamily

A

Family words

A family tree for some of Anne and Ivan Sorokin’s relatives or relations.

Henry + Diana

Amelia

Ivan + Anne

George + Meena

Karen Jack

Ravi

Kavita

Ivan and Anne and their children

IvanisAnne’shusbandandKarenandJack’sfather.

AnneisIvan’swifeandKarenandJack’smother.

AnneandIvanareKarenandJack’sparents.

KarenisAnneandIvan’sdaughter.Jackistheirson.

KarenisJack’ssister.JackisKaren’sbrother.

Henry and Diana

HenryisKarenandJack’sgrandfather.Dianaistheirgrandmother.

HenryandDianaareKarenandJack’sgrandparents.

KarenisHenryandDiana’sgranddaughter.Jackistheirgrandson.

Amelia,GeorgeandMeena

GeorgeisKarenandJack’suncle.

AmeliaandMeenaareKarenandJack’saunts.

KarenisAmelia,GeorgeandMeena’sniece.Jackistheirnephew.

KavitaandRaviareKarenandJack’scousins.

B

Expressions

Haveyougotanybrothersandsisters?

No,Iamanonlychild.

Doyoucomefromabigfamily?

Yes,Ihavethreebrothersandtwosisters.

Common mistakes

We say ‘my/his wife’ (singular) but ‘our/their wives’ (plural).

8

EnglishVocabularyinUseElementary

Audio not supported



Exercises

1.1 Lookatthefamilytreeontheoppositepage.Completethesentences.

1 Kavita is Ravi’s

sister

2 Ravi is Kavita’s

3 Anne is Kavita’s

4 Ivan is Ravi’s

5 Diana is Ravi’s

6 Henry is Kavita’s

7 Ravi is Ivan’s

8 Kavita is Ivan’s

9 Meena is Kavita’s

10 Meena is George’s

11 Karen is Ravi’s

1.2 TheSorokinshavesomeotherrelatives.Completethesentencesaboutthem.

Sanjay

AlexanderandLeila

Meenahasabrother,Sanjay.SanjayisKavitaandRavi’s1

uncle

and Sanjay’s wife is their

2

. Sanjay and his wife have one son, Prem. Prem is an 3

.

Henry’sparentsarestillalive.AlexanderisHenry’s 4

and his 5

Leila is

Henry’s 6

. Alexander and Leila have three 7

–Amelia, Ivan and George.

Ivan and George and their 8

, Anne and Meena, love their 9

and visit them

as often as possible.

1.3 Askafriendthesequestions.Thenwritesentencesaboutyourfriendandtheirfamily.For example, Martahasonebrotherbutnosisters.

1 Haveyougotanybrothersandsisters?

2 Haveyougotanycousins?

3 Haveyougotanyniecesornephews?

4 Haveyougotanygrandparents?

5 Doyoucomefromabigfamily?

1.4 Covertheoppositepage.Howmanyfamilywordscanyouwritedownintwominutes?Check whatyouwrotecarefullywiththebook.Didyouspelleverythingcorrectly?Whichwordsdid youforget?

Over to you

Drawyourfamilytree.Thenwritesentences.Writeaboutyourrelations.

Marta is my mother.

Useadictionarytohelpyou.

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary

9





2 Birth, marriage and death

A

Birth

Anna had a baby yesterday.

He was born at 1.15 yesterday morning.

He weighed 3 kilograms.

They are going to call him John – after John, his grandfather.Hisgrandfather’sbirthdayisJune

16th too – but he was born in 1957!

The baby’s parents were born in 1986.

Common mistakes

Anna had a baby [NOT Anna got a baby].

He/ She was born [NOT He/ She born or He/ She is born].

B

Marriage

The wedding

Ifyoudonothaveapartner,youaresingle.

Ifyouhaveahusbandorwife,youaremarried.

Ifyourhusbandorwifedies,youarewidowed.

Ifyourmarriagebreaksup,youareseparated/divorced.

[the marriage has legally ended]

Harry and Sarah got married.

They (got) married in 2001.

( married without got is more formal)

(bride)

They went on their honeymoon to Italy.

groom

They were married for 15 years.

Common mistakes

Sarah got married to Harry [NOT with Harry].

bride

C

Death

Then Harry became ill.

He died last year.

He died of a heart attack.

Common mistakes

Harry is dead [NOT Harry is died or

Harry is death].

The funeral

10

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary



Exercises

2.1 Think of people you know. Where were they born? When?

1 My mother was born in Scotland on July 4th 1967.

2345

2.2 Findawordontheoppositepagewhichmeans…

1 thenameforawomanonherweddingday. bride

2 thenameforamanonhisweddingday.

3 whatyouareifyouhaven’tgotapartner.

4 tobe57kilograms.

5 whatyouareifyourmarriagehaslegallyended.

6 areligiousserviceforadeadperson.

7 aholidayafterawedding.

8 whatyouareifyourhusbandorwifedies.

2.3 Completethesentenceswithwordsfromthebox.

in

after

of

to

born

on

1 In

2003 Anne got married 2

Daniel Smith. Unfortunately, Daniel’s

grandmother,LydiaSmith,died 3

old age soon after their wedding. Daniel and Anne were

4

their honeymoon when she died. Anne’s baby daughter was5

two years

later.TheycalledthebabyLydia, 6

Daniel’s grandmother.

2.4 When were these people born and when did they die? Write sentences.

1 Genghis Khan (1162–1227)Genghis Khan was born in 1162 and died in 1227.

2 Christopher Columbus (1451–1506)

3 Leonardo da Vinci (1452–1519)

4 Princess Diana (1961–1997)

5 Heath Ledger (1979–2008)

2.5 Complete the sentences using died, dead or death.

1 Kelly’s grandfather died

last year.

2 His

made her very sad.

3 Her grandmother has been

for five years now.

4 She

of a heart attack.

5 Now all Kelly’s grandparents are

.

2.6 Write about your family. Use words and expressions from the opposite page.

Here are some ideas for making your sentences.

I have

. I/my

I have / My

has

got married in

(year).

children. They were born in

and

For my/his/her honeymoon, I/he/she went

(years).

to

.

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary

11





3 Parts of the body

hair

A

Head and face

eye

nose

tooth / teeth

ear

mouth

lip

neck

B

Arm and leg

shoulder

nail

leg

knee

thumb

finger

foot / feet

hand

toe

arm

C

Rest of body

chest

back

side

waist

stomach

We have skin

hip

covering our

bodies.

D

Inside the body

heart

brain

blood

E

Pronunciation problems

eye /aɪ/ knee /niː/ stomach /ˈstʌmək/ heart /hɑːt / blood /blʌd/ foot /fʊt/ tooth /tuːθ/

F

Singular and plurals

one foot – two feet

one tooth – two teeth

Hair is a singular word. My hair is very long – I must cut it soon.

Common mistakes

Usually we use my, your, his, her, etc. with parts of the body.

Katie is washing her hair [NOT Jane is washing the hair]. I have a pain in my leg [NOT I have a pain in the leg].

(See Unit 6: Health and illness.)

12

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary



Exercises

3.1 Here are the names of some parts of the body with the letters mixed up. What are they?

1 eken

knee

6 are

2 osen

7 hotot

3 rathe

8 buhtm

4 hamcost

9 akbc

5 olderush

10 tiwas

3.2 Complete these sentences with words from the opposite page.

1 Ahandhasfive fingers

.

6 Youhearwithyour

.

2 Afoothasfive

.

7 Thechildsatonherfather’s

.

3 Anadulthas32

.

8 Your

type can be A, B, AB or O.

4 Yousmellwithyour

.

9 You think with your

.

5 The

is a symbol of love.

3.3 Correct the mistakes in the sentences.

1 I have a pain in the side. I have a pain in my side.

2 That woman has got very big foots.

3 My grandfather has a pain in the shoulder.

4 The baby has already got two tooths.

5 The little girl needs to wash the face and the hands before dinner.

6 My hairs are dirty. I need to wash them.

3.4 Parts of the body are often used in compound nouns too. Complete these nouns with a word from the opposite page.

1

arm chair

3

stick

5

scarf

2

ball

4

brush

6

bag

3.5 Complete the crossword. Look at the pictures.

2

1

1

2

2

4

3

4

3

5

5

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary

13





4 Clothes

A

Clothes

coat

jacket

scarf

gloves

shoes trainers boots

suit

hat

skirt

tie

socks

T-shirt

watch

shirt

belt

dress

ring

sweater /

jumper

B

Plural words

These words are always plural in English. They need a plural verb.

trousers

jeans

shorts

tights

glasses

pyjamas

sunglasses

My suit is new but these trousers are old. Her jeans / shorts / tights are blue.

Note: You say: a pair of trousers / shorts / glasses, etc.

C

Verbs

You wear clothes but you carry things.

You wear glasses.

Naomi is wearing a long blue coat.

She’s carrying a suitcase and a handbag.

You can also say: Naomi has (got) a blue coat on.

You carry a bag and an umbrella.

In the morning you get dressed or put your clothes on. At night you get undressed or you take your clothes off.

Common mistakes

Tip

You put clothes on but you take clothes off

When you get dressed in the morning, say to

[NOT put clothes off].

yourself Now I’m putting on my socks. Now I’m

putting on my shoes and so on.

14

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary



Exercises

4.1 Complete the sentences.

1 Joe has a job interview today, so he’s wearing a smart suit

, a white

sh

andat

.

2 Julia’s not working today, so she’s wearing a T-

and sh

s.

3 Lucy is going to play tennis. She’s wearing white s

s and tr

s.

4 Gianni is going to a business meeting. He’s

ingab

with his papers and

laptop.

5 My trousers are too big. I have to wear a b

.

6 It’scoldtoday.I’llwearmyj

,andI’lltakemyc

too.

4.2 Match the item of clothing with the part of the body.

scarf

belt

shoe

hat

glove

glasses

tights

ring

1

3

4

6

8

2

7

5

4.3 Complete the sentences with one of the verbs in the box and put it in the right form.

be

wear

carry

have

1 Tim’s jeans are

blue and his T-shirt

red.

2 Julia

jeans and a T-shirt today.

3 Meena

got a red coat on and she

some flowers.

4 Sarah’s dress

old but her shoes

new.

5 Last year Harry’s trousers

white. Now they

grey.

6

this a new pair of jeans?

7 My favourite pyjamas

dark green.

8 Kim

a new pair of shorts.

4.4 Label the picture.

1 sunglasses

10

2

9

3

4

8

5

7

4.5

6

Complete the verbs in the table.

morning

night

get dressed

get

or

your clothes on

or

your clothes off

4.6 What are you wearing today? Use a dictionary to help you.

I’m wearing a white T-shirt and a blue jumper. I’ve got a pair of black trousers on. I’m wearing blue socks and white trainers. I’ve also got a watch and a pair of glasses on.

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary

15





5 Describingpeople

A

Height /haIt/ and weight /weIt/

Bettina Schwenke

Bettina Schwenke is a very tall woman.

Tom Jakes

Tom Jakes is quite short.

If you aren’t tall or short, you are of medium height.

Agata Sanchez is really slim.

I was very thin when I was in hospital.

[slim is more polite than thin]

Agata Sanchez

The doctor said I am overweight. [weigh too much]

Their cat is very fat. It needs to go on a diet.

B

Face and head

Suri has dark skin and dark hair. She has brown eyes.

Polly

Polly has blonde (or fair) hair and fair skin. She has blue eyes.

Suri

Ben has a beard and long hair. He has green eyes.

Luca has a moustache /mʊˈstɑːʃ/ and short hair.

You can also use has got, for example, Suri has got dark hair and dark skin.

My mother is a very beautiful woman. [very pretty]

My dad’s a very good-looking man.

Common mistakes

People are tall [NOT People are high].

Ben

Luca

People have blonde or dark hair [NOT hairs].

My sister is pretty. (usually girls / women only)

Bob’s an ugly man. [ugly = the opposite of beautiful or good-looking]

I’m not ugly or beautiful, I’m just average-looking!

C

Age

My grandmother is 97. She’s very old. My sister is 14. She’s young, but would like to be older. My father is 56. He’s middle-aged, but would like to be younger!

This hospital is for elderly people. (more polite than old) D

Expressions

A: How tall is Bettina / Tom? B: She’s 1.85 metres tall. / He’s 1.48 metres tall.

A: How heavy are you? / How much do you weigh? B: I weigh 62 kilos / 74 kilos, etc.

A: How old is he? B: He’s 84.

A: What does Gemma / your sister look like?

B: She’s tall and dark. She’s very pretty.

Tip

Some of the words on this page are a little negative, so be careful how you use them. It’s better not to say to someone:

‘You are fat / thin / ugly / old.’

16

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary



Exercises

5.1 Complete the sentences.

1 He’s only 1 metre 52. He’s quite.short

2 Very

people are often good at basketball.

3 Models are usually

.

4 Does she have dark skin? No, it’s

.

5 She’s only seven. She’s very

.

6 If I eat too much I’ll be

.

7 My grandmother is in this hospital. It’s a hospital for

people. (don’t use ‘ old’)

5.2 Complete the questions using the words in brackets ().

1 How tall is your brother?

(your brother)

He’s about 1 metre 75.

2 Is

? (Elena’s hair)

No, she’s got dark hair.

3 Is

? (Mike’s hair)

Yes, it is quite long.

4 Are

? (your parents)

Not really, they’re middle-aged.

5 Is

? (his sister)

Yes, she’s very pretty.

6 Why

? (Sara, so thin)

She’s very ill.

5.3 Write sentences about the

people in these pictures.

Felicity

Jeff

Anika

Stefan

1 Felicity’s got blonde hair and fair skin.

2 Jeffhas

3 Anika’s got

4 Stefan’s hair is

and he

5.4 Write questions.

1 your brother, height

How tall is your brother?

2 your teacher, looks

3 you, weight

4 your mother, age

5 your sister, height

6 your parents, looks

5.5 Now write answers to the questions in 5.4.

1 He’s not very tall. He’s 1 metre 52.

Over to you

Write down the names of three people you know. Then write about their:

• height (tall, short, medium height)

• eyes (colour)

• hair (colour, long, short, beard)

• looks (pretty, average-looking, etc.)

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary

17





6 Healthandillness

A

How are you today?

I’m very well, thanks.

I’m fine, thanks.

I don’t feel very well. I must go home and rest. (I’ll probably be OK tomorrow.) I feel ill. Can you get a doctor, please? (Perhaps it’s a serious problem.) That fish was bad. I think I’m going to be sick! (I want to vomit.) B

Everyday problems

Have you got an aspirin? I’ve got a headache. /'hedeIk/

I’ve got toothache. /ˈtuːθeɪk/ I need to go to the dentist.

I’m going to bed with a hot drink. I’ve got a cold.

C

Problems people have for many years / all their lives

I get hay fever every summer, from flowers and grass. I sneeze all day. /sniːz/

My little brother has asthma; sometimes he can’t breathe. /ˈæsmə/

D

Illnesses in hot / tropical countries

In some countries, mosquitoes can give people

mosquito

malaria. /məˈleərɪə/

The drinking water was bad, and many children

had cholera. /ˈkɒlərə/

E

Serious illnesses

Common mistakes

Every year cancer kills many

people who smoke. /ˈkænsə/

My father had a heart attack

My father went to hospital when he

[NOT got a heart attack].

had a heart attack.

F

Expressions

A Do you have a healthy diet?

B Yes, I eat lots of fruit and vegetables.

A Do you exercise?

B Yes, I like swimming, jogging and cycling. They’re really good for you.

A I feel stressed!

B Do you? You need to relax more and don’t panic about work!

18

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary



Exercises

6.1 Complete the dialogues.

1 A: How are you today?

B: Very well, thanks.

A: Good!

2 A: Are you OK?

B: No,

A: Would you like to use the bathroom?

B: Yes, thank you.

3 A: I

B: I’ll get a doctor.

A: Oh, thank you.

4 A:

B: Here’s the dentist’s phone number.

A: Thanks.

5 A: Your nose is red. Have you got

?

B: Yes.

A: Have a hot drink and go to bed early.

6.2 Match the illnesses in the table with a possible treatment.

gotothedentist

takeanaspirin

gotohospital

gotobedwithahotdrink

illness

treatment

a headache

take an aspirin

toothache

a heart attack

a cold

6.3 What illnesses are connected with …

1 a mosquito bite? malaria

2 bad drinking water?

3 pollution, traffic fumes, etc.?

4 grass, flowers, sunshine, etc.?

5 smoking, unhealthy diet, no exercise?

6.4 Answer these questions. Use a dictionary to help you.

1 Do you have a healthy diet?

2 What exercise do you do?

3 Do you often feel stressed?

4 Have you ever been in hospital?

5 Do you get hay fever in summer?

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary

19





7 Feelings

A

Love, like and hate

++

+

–

– –

love

like

don’t like

hate

I love my family and my best friend.

I like my job.

I don’t like horror films.

I hate spiders.

B

Happy, sad and tired

happy

sad

angry

upset

cold

hot

thirsty

hungry

well

ill

tired

surprised

Common mistakes

I am very happy about your news [NOT I am very happy for your news]. BUT You did very well in your exam – I’m very happy for you.

C

Prefer, hope and want

I prefer coffee to tea. (= I like coffee more than I like tea.) I hope to do well in my exam.

I hope (that) my friend does well in his exam.

Common mistakes

I want a new car. [I would like]

I want to buy a new car.

I want you to help me [NOT I want

Note: I want my mother to buy a new car.

that you help me].

D

Expressions

A Do you like football?

B Yes, I really like football / it.

No, I don’t like football / it very much.

Common mistakes

A How’s your grandfather?

[NOT I very like football / it. or

I like very much football / it.]

B He’s very well, thanks.

A And how about your grandmother?

B She’s a bit / a little tired.

20

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary



Exercises

7.1 Do you love, like, not like or hate these things? Write sentences.

1 chocolate I love chocolate.

5 football

2 cowboy films

6 cats

3 flying

7 cars

4 tea

8 jazz music

7.2 Which do you prefer? Write answers.

1 tea or coffee? I prefer coffee to tea.

4 cars or bikes?

2 dogs or cats?

5 strawberry or chocolate ice cream?

3 sunbathing or sightseeing?

6 watching sport or doing sport?

7.3 Answer these questions using want or hope.

1 You’re thirsty. What do you want? I want glass of water.

2 The lesson feels very long. What do you hope?

3 You’re hungry. What do you want?

4 Your friend feels ill. What do you hope?

5 You’re tired. What do you want to do?

6 You’re upset. What do you want to do?

7 It’s very cold weather. What do you hope?

8 Your friend feels sad. What do you want?

7.4 Look at the pictures. How do the people feel? Use words from B opposite.

1

Jessica is hungry.

4

Sunita

2

Nicholas

5

Fiona

3

Max

6

The children

7.5 Correct the mistakes.

1 I very like basketball. I like basketball very much.

2 I am happy for my sister’s good news.

3 The teacher wants that we learn these new words.

4 I like really spiders.

5 My brother has a good new job. I’m very happy about him.

6 My parents want that I go to university.

7 I feel very well. How for you?

8 Priya is bit tired this morning.

Over to you

When did you last feel …

1 surprised

2 hungry

3 tired

4 angry

I felt surprised yesterday when I saw the news.

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary

21





8 Conversations 1: Greetings and wishes

A

Every day

good morning

good afternoon

good evening

How are you?

Fine, thanks. And you?

Hello

Hi

Not too bad, thanks.

When we leave someone we usually say Goodbye and also perhaps See you soon! See you soon is quite informal.

When someone goes to bed, we usually say Goodnight. We sometimes also say Sleep well.

Don’t say Goodnight when you arrive somewhere, only when you leave.

If you ask for something you usually say Please.

If someone does something nice for you, you say Thank you or Cheers (informal).

Cheers!

Excuse me!

Sorry!

Bless you!

B

Special days

When:

you say:

it’s someone’s birthday

Happy Birthday!

it’s Christmas

Happy / Merry Christmas! /ˈkrɪsməs/

it’s New Year’s Day

Happy New Year!

someone is doing something difficult, e.g. taking an exam Good luck!

or having an interview for a job

someone has done something special, e.g. done well in an Congratulations! / Well done!

exam or had a baby

Common mistakes

When it’s someone’s birthday we say: Happy Birthday [NOT Congratulations].

22

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary



Exercises

8.1 Choose one of the phrases from the opposite page to fit the dialogues.

1 A: ( sneezes) Atishoo!

5 A: It’s my birthday today.

B: Bless you!

B:

2 A: I’m taking my driving test today.

6 A: How are you?

B:

B:

3 A: I passed my driving test!

7 A: Hello!

B:

B:

4 A: Goodbye.

8 A: Here’s your tea.

B:

B:

8.2 What is the person saying in the pictures?

Excuse me!

1

3

5

2

4

6

8.3 What do you say? Choose a phrase from the opposite page.

1 You want to go through a doorway. There are some people blocking it. Excuse me!

2 A friend buys you a drink.

3 A child says ‘Goodnight’ to you.

4 You answer the phone at work. It is 10.30 am.

5 You answer the phone at work. It is 3 pm.

6 It is 2 am on January 1st. You meet a friend in the street.

7 You are on a very crowded bus and you stand on someone’s foot.

8 It is 24th December. You meet a friend on the bus.

8.4 You meet Ann, an English friend. Reply to her.

ANN:

Good evening.

YOU:

Hello.

ANN:

How are you?

YOU:

ANN:

It’s my birthday today.

YOU:

ANN:

Would you like a drink?

YOU:

ANN:

Here you are.

YOU:

8.5 Write a conversation between you and a friend. He / She has passed an exam.

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary

23





9 Conversations 2: Useful words and expressions

A

Words

word

example

meaning

actually

People say bad things about her, but she’s actually

in reality

very nice.

really

The book is really good.

very

else

Do you want to buy anything else? Or go

in addition or different

somewhere else?

around

I’ll meet you at around 6 o’clock.

about or approximately

anyway

I’ll drive you home. I’m going that way anyway.1

1 to give a reason for doing

Anyway, as I said, I woke up very late today. 2

something

2 to return to an earlier subject

Common mistakes

Actually is a false friend in some languages - in English it means ‘in reality’ NOT ‘now’.

B

Expressions

A: Why don’t we go to the cinema this evening? (used to make a suggestion) B: Good idea. Let’s go and see a film and then have a meal. (used to make a suggestion) A: OK! Which film do you want to see?

B: I don’t mind. [It’s all the same to me.] It’s up to you. [You can decide.]

A: How about / What about the new Angelina Jolie film? (used to make a suggestion) Common mistakes

Why don’t we go … [NOT Why don’t we going] or Let’s go … [NOT Let’s going].

How about going … [NOT How about go] or What about going … [NOT What about go].

A: I was late for work today.

B: Oh dear! Was your boss angry? (used when you are surprised or disappointed) A: I forgot to bring your book!

B: Oh, it doesn’t matter. I don’t need it. [it’s not important]

A: I’m sorry, but I can’t come to your party.

B: What a pity! (used when you are disappointed)

A: I passed my exam.

B: Well done!

A: Hurry up! The taxi’s here. [be quick]

A: Look out! / Be careful! There’s a car coming.

A: We need to buy Marta’s birthday present.

B: Absolutely! What about getting her a scarf? (used when you agree strongly) A: I agree. Let’s go shopping this afternoon.

Common mistakes

I agree or I don’t agree [NOT I am agree or I’m not agree].

24

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary



Exercises

9.1 Choose a word from A opposite to complete the sentences.

1 It’s boring here. Let’s go somewhere else.

2 There were

20 people at the lecture.

3 It’s a

lovely photo!

4 Have you had enough to eat? Would you like anything

?

5 He said he was a doctor but he’s

still a medical student.

6 The journey takes

two hours.

9.2 Choose the correct answer.

1 I don’t like skiing and about / anyway / else I’m not free that weekend.

2 I don’t mind / matter / agree what we do. It’s all the same to me.

3 It’s up to you / Let’s / I agree invite Rachel to dinner tonight.

4 Be careful / What a pity / Oh dear in London. There’s lots of traffic there.

5 I don’t have time to go to the cinema and really / absolutely / anyway I’ve seen that film already.

9.3 Choose an expression from the box to fit these situations.

Well done!

Oh dear!

What a pity!

Hurry up!

It’s up to you.

Look out!

Oh dear!

I didn’t get

1

3

5

that job.

Do you want to go to

2

4

6

the party or not?

9.4 Correct the eight mistakes in the dialogue.

VERA:

We need to celebrate. I got a new job!

LUKE:

Well made! done

How about go out for a meal this evening?

VERA:

Great! Let go to that Italian restaurant. Or do you prefer the Chinese one?

LUKE:

I don’t mind it. I like the Italian one but it’s very expensive.

VERA:

Oh, it isn’t matter.

LUKE:

OK. Why don’t we going to the Italian restaurant and then we could go to the cinema afterwards? Your new job needs a special celebration.

VERA:

I’m agree. And I’d love to see that film with George Clooney. Would you?

LUKE:

Absolute!

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary

25





10 Food and drink

A

Everyday food

Would you like some bread?

I love sushi because I love rice.

Pasta is good for you, but don’t eat too much!

I always put salt on my chips, but not pepper.

My sister never eats meat or fish. She’s vegetarian.

Do you take sugar in tea or coffee?

Common mistakes

Can I have some bread? [NOT Can I have a bread?]

B

Fast food

I eat hamburgers, hot dogs and pizzas when I don’t have much time.

Fish and chips is popular in Britain, Australia and

New Zealand.

C

Fruit /fruːt/ and vegetables /ˈvedʒtəbəlz/

Vegetables are good for you. Fruit is also good for you. (singular, uncountable) Vegetables

carrots

beans

potatoes tomatoes

peas

onions /ˈʌnjənz /

garlic

mushrooms

Fruit

apple

pineapple

/ˈpaɪnæpl/

orange

banana

pear

strawberries

/ˈɒrɪndʒ/

grapes

/peə/

Common mistakes

/ˈstrɔːbrɪz/

I love fruit [NOT I love fruits].

D

Drinks

mineral

water

tea

coffee

milk

fruit juice

beer

wine

Tip

Go to a supermarket. How many different kinds of food or drink have English names on them?

Try to learn some of them.

26

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary



Exercises

10.1 Complete the sentences. Use words from the opposite page.

1 Rice

is popular in Japan.

2

and

are very popular in Italy.

3 Chips are made from

4 Many British people eat

5 Hamburgers are made from

6 A

is a sausage inside a piece of bread.

10.2 Put these words into two lists: fruit and vegetables.

beans pineapple grapes onions apple carrot garlic pear mushrooms fruit

vegetables

beans

10.3 Write the names of these fruit and vegetables.

1 banana

3

5

2

4

6

10.4 Here are the names of some drinks with the letters mixed up. What are they?

1 eta

tea

4 fecofe

2 rebe

5 rituf eciju

3 klim

6 nilemar retaw

10.5 Choose a, b or c.

1 Vegetarians do not eat a) vegetables b) meat c) fast food.

2 Garlic is a kind of a) fruit b) fast food c) vegetable.

3 You put a) salt b) beer c) sugar in coffee.

4 Which is correct a) pinapple b) pineapple c) pieapple?

5 The first sound in onion is the same as the sound in a) fun b) orange c) man.

6 A pear is a) a drink b) a vegetable c) a fruit.

10.6 What are your four favourite foods? And your three favourite drinks? Are they good for you?

Use a dictionary to help you.

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary

27





11 In the kitchen

A

What’s in the kitchen?

cupboard

shelf

freezer

fridge

microwave

tap

worktop

sink

bin

washing machine

cooker

dishwasher

B

Things we use in the kitchen

coffee maker

teapot

saucepan

kitchen roll

tea towel

washing-up

frying pan

cloth

liquid

C

Things we use for eating and drinking

chopsticks

glass

knife

fork

spoon

cup

bowl

mug

plate

D

Expressions

A: Where can I find a mug / a cloth / some kitchen roll? B: They are in the cupboard.

A: Can I help with the washing-up / cooking? B: Yes, please! You can dry the plates. /

You can cook some rice.

A: Where does this cup / plate / frying pan go? B: Put it in this cupboard, please.

Tip

Stick labels on objects in your kitchen with their

English names on them. You will see these every

day and this will help you to learn the words.

28

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary



Exercises

11.1 Tick (✓) yes or no. Write sentences for the wrong answers.

yes

no

1 I use a frying pan to drink out of.

✓

I use a glass / a cup / a mug to drink out of.

2 You use washing-up liquid to clean plates.

3 The fridge is cold inside.

4 The fridge is colder than the freezer.

5 I turn on the tap to get water.

6 A tea towel is for making tea.

11.2 Make questions for these answers. Use words from the opposite page.

1 Where’s the coffee?

It’s in the cupboard.

2

It’s on the cooker.

3

Please put them on the worktop.

4

Thanks. You can wash these plates and I’ll dry them.

5

In the fridge on the bottom shelf.

11.3 What do you need?

1 To make coffee I need a coffee maker, a cup, a spoon.

2 To make tea I need

3 To fry something I need

4 To eat my food I need

5 To drink some water I need

6 To cook dinner in two minutes I need

7 To wash plates, knives and forks I need

8 To wash my clothes I need

11.4 Look at the picture. Answer the questions.

1 What’s on the cooker?

a saucepan

2 What’s on the shelf?

3 What’s in the cupboard under the shelf?

4 Where’s the microwave?

5 What’s next to the sink?

6 What’s under the sink?

(See Unit 53: Places.)

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary

29





12 In the bedroom and bathroom

A

Bedroom

bed

bedside lamp

alarm clock

pyjamas

dressing table

comb

chest of drawers

mirror

wardrobe

bedside table

hairbrush

B

Bathroom

toothpaste

toothbrush

shelf

soap

basin

razor

toilet

shower

towel

shampoo

shower gel

C

Emma’s routine

Emma goes to bed at 11 o’clock. She goes upstairs to her bedroom.

She gets undressed

and gets into bed.

She reads

for a bit.

She turns off the light and falls asleep.

She gets up.

She wakes up when

her alarm clock rings.

She has a shower,

cleans her teeth

and gets dressed.

She goes downstairs to the kitchen for breakfast.

(See Unit 47: Everyday things.) 30

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary



Exercises

4

5

2

3

7

12.1 Look at the picture.

6

Write the words next

to the numbers.

1 pyjamas

10

9

8

12.2 Write down five more things that you need to take with you if you go to stay with a friend for one night.

toothbrush

12.3 Look at the pictures. Describe what the people are doing.

1 Anne is cleaning her teeth.

3 Mrs Park

5 Jaime

2 Selim and Umit

4 Mr Park

6 Lee

12.4 What is in your bathroom? Write the things down. Use a dictionary to help you.

12.5 Are these sentences true about your bedroom? If not, change them to make them true.

1 My bedroom is upstairs. My bedroom is not upstairs. I live in a flat.

2 My bedroom has one large window.

3 In my bedroom there is a big bed.

4 There are two wardrobes, one on the left and one on the right of the room.

5 I have a small bedside table.

6 I’ve got a lamp and an alarm clock on my bedside table.

7 There is a chest of drawers under the window.

8 I haven’t got a dressing table.

12.6 Complete this paragraph about your night-time and morning routine.

I usually 1 go

to bed at 2

. I get 3

and 4

into bed.

I usually read 5

a bit. I turn 6

the light and 7

asleep.

I 8

up when my alarm clock rings. I get 9

. I have a 10

,

11

my teeth and 12

dressed. I go to the kitchen for breakfast.

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary

31





13 In the living room

A

Things in the living room

bookshelf

light

window

curtains

(bookshelves)

books

lamp

picture

light switch

TV

hi-fi

sofa

table

socket

remote

phone

rug

control

armchair

coffee table

carpet

chair

B

Useful verbs

Every evening I watch

Sometimes I listen to the Sometimes I read a

Sometimes I just relax.

television.

radio or listen to music.

book.

[rest and do nothing]

C

Expressions

It’s getting dark. Can you

OK. And I’ll switch the

Thanks. Now can you turn the

close the curtains, please?

light on.

radio off? And pass me the remote

control. I want to turn on the TV.

There’s a good programme on.

Common mistakes

The furniture in my room is white [NOT The furniture in my room are white].

32

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary



Exercises

13.1 Write the names of …

1 somewhere you can put books. a bookshelf

2 somewhere two or three people can sit.

3 somewhere you can put down your cup.

4 something you can look at on the wall.

5 something for switching the light on or off.

6 something for listening to music.

7 something under your feet.

8 something for changing channels on the TV.

13.2 Match the words on the left with the words on the right.

1 switch on the

a TV

2 relax in an

b lamp

3 close the

c remote control

4 pass the

d radio

5 listen to the

e armchair

6 watch

f curtains

13.3 Correct the mistakes in the sentences.

This evening let’s just relax at home.

1 This evening let’s just relax us at home.

2 I don’t often listen the radio.

3 We need some more bookshelfs in this room.

4 I watched at television all evening yesterday.

5 It’s dark now. Please make the curtains.

6 Liam has some very nice furnitures in his house.

13.4 Find 10 more words from this unit in the wordsearch.

F T A L W X A R O C F Y D

E R L S O C K E T U I

I U

D K A G L N T B C R I E F

R E M O T E C O N T R O L

A Y P F C H A I R A P J I

D E C H K I R G T I R U G

I B O O K F P S I N E B H

O G F E A I E L H S C R T

S U A T L E T V C A E U O

Over to you

Write about your living room at home. You can draw a plan of it first. What furniture is there in the room? What colour are the walls? Are there any pictures on them? What do you do when you are in your living room?

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary

33





14 Jobs

A

What’s his/her job?

doctor

teacher

nurse

mechanic

farmer

secretary

shop assistant

hairdresser

engineer

B

Jobs in the town

police officer

traffic warden

librarian

bank clerk /klA:k/

C

Expressions

Sam What’s your job?

Ben I’m a waiter. I work in a restaurant. What do you do?

Sam I’m a taxi driver.

Ben Is it an interesting job?

Sam Yes, I like it. Where do you work?

Sophie I work in an office. Sometimes it’s boring.

My dad works in a factory which makes car parts.

I worked in a shop at the weekends when I was a student.

I want to work in a beauty salon as a hairdresser.

I’d like to work in a children’s hospital.

I’m a writer. I work at / from home.

34

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary



Exercises

14.1 Where do they work?

1 A teacher works in a school / college / university.

2 A doctor

3 A waiter

4 A secretary

5 A shop assistant

6 A hairdresser

14.2 Match the pictures with the jobs in the box.

nurse

farmer

secretary

taxi driver

engineer

mechanic

1

3

5

farmer

2

4

6

14.3 Complete the crossword.

Across

Down

1 works on a bus

1 works in a hospital

2 works in a school

2 works in a restaurant

3 writes books

3 works with the doctor

1

1

b u s d r

v

3

3

2

2

3 w

t

r

14.4 Complete the sentences.

1 He works in a factory

which makes electrical goods.

2 She’s an

. She builds roads and bridges.

3 The traffic

is checking all the parked cars.

4 The

told me to return the book at the end of the month.

5 The bank

changed some money for me.

6 A police

told me the way to the station.

14.5 Answer the questions for yourself.

1 What do you do?

2 Where do you work?

3 Is it an interesting job?

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary

35





15 At school and university

A

Subjects

English

maths

history

geography

biology

art

modern

PE (physical

languages

ICT (information

physics

music

education)

chemistry

communication

technology)

B

Useful things

board

noticeboard

pencil

notebook

piece of paper

textbook

drawing pin

OHP (overhead

rubber

pencil

projector)

pen

sharpener

board pen

board rubber

DVD player

desk

ruler

whiteboard

computer

C

Expressions

A maths teacher teaches maths. Her students study maths.

Children go to school and students go to university.

At school children learn to read and write.

Students can do an (English) course in many schools and universities. At the end of a course, you often take / do an exam. You hope to pass your exams. You don’t want to fail your exams.

If you pass your final exams at university, you get a degree.

Common mistakes

After school, students do homework [NOT make homework or do homeworks]. (See Units 40 and 41 for more expressions with do and make.)

36

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary



Exercises

15.1 Match the subject on the left with what you study on the right.

1 maths

a animals and plants

2 physics

b sport

3 history

c 25y + 32x = 51z

4 geography

d E = mc2

5 PE

e H2O

6 English

f the countries of the world

7 chemistry

g the 15th century

8 biology

h computers

9 ICT

i spelling

15.2 Look at the picture for 30 seconds. Then cover it. How many of the ten objects can you remember? Write them down in English.

15.3 Which of the things in B on the opposite page are in the room where you study English?

Write them here.

In the room where I study English I can see

15.4 Choose a verb from C opposite to fill the gaps below. Put the verb in the correct form.

Ethan does well at school. He finds it easy to 1

learn

and he always 2

his

homework. He usually 3

all his exams. He will 4

his final school exams

soon. If he 5

, he will 6

to university next year. If he

7

, he will be very sad. Ethan really wants to 8

geography at university. He

would also like to 9

a special geology course. His sister is already at university. Next year she will 10

her degree and then she will try to find a job.

15.5 Which are/were your three favourite subjects? Which subjects (if any) do / did you not like?

Tip

Draw two columns on a piece of paper. In one column write five words from the opposite page which you want to learn. In the second column put a drawing (or a translation or a definition). Cover the first column and look at the second column. Can you remember the English words?

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary

37





16 Communications

A

Letters

address

stamp

date

envelope

letter

letter box

Don’t forget to put a stamp on the envelope.

Don’t forget to post the letters.

B

Email and Internet

computer

screen

keyboard

mouse

laptop

memory stick

Olivia gets a lot of emails from New York.

You have to be careful what information you give people online.

What’s your email address? Moll@cup.com (= Moll at C-U-P dot com /kɒm/) C

Telephones and mobile devices

mobile device

mobile

telephone

phone box

Juan makes a lot of phone calls. He phones his girlfriend every day.

I always take my smartphone with me. I never turn it off.

What’s your phone number? What’s your mobile number?

066530718 (= oh six six five three oh seven one eight / oh

double six five ...)

He’s not answering his phone. I’ll leave a voicemail and I’ll text him / send him a text (message).

D

Expressions

Sue Hello.

Nick Hello. It’s Nick here. Can I speak to Ahmed, please?

Tip

Sue I’m sorry, he’s not here at the moment. Can I take a message?

Use a search engine to find an

Nick Thanks. Could you just tell him I called. I’ll call back later.

example of a letter and an email

Sue OK. I’ll tell him. Goodbye.

in English. Write down any useful

words or phrases in them.

Nick Bye.

38

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary



Exercises

16.1 Have you got any of the things on the opposite page? Make a list.

mobile

16.2 What are the names of these things?

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

1 keyboard

4

7

10

2

5

8

11

3

6

9

12

16.3 Complete this phone conversation.

AMELIA: Hello.

MEENA: Hello. 1 It’s

Meena here. Can I 2

to Amal, please?

AMELIA: I’m 3

, he’s at work 4

the moment. Can I 5

a message?

MEENA: It’s all right. I’ll 6

back later.

AMELIA: OK, then. Bye.

MEENA: Bye.

16.4 Write down:

1 two telephone numbers that are important to you.

2 two email addresses that are important to you.

Now read them aloud.

16.5 Answer these questions.

1 Do you prefer to text or phone your friends?

2 Do you send more emails or more text messages?

3 How often do you go online?

4 Do you prefer to use a laptop or a mobile device?

5 Do you often write letters?

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary

39





17 Your phone

A

Parts of a phone

camera

battery

screen

phone case

apps

power button

charger

SIM card

B

Using a smartphone

Ramesh takes a lot of selfies and posts them online.

Lisa didn’t answer her phone, so I left a voicemail.

Can you text me the address of the restaurant? I haven’t been there before.

I’ve just got a message from Andy. He wants to know if we’re going to the party.

You can download an app with a dictionary to help you when you write selfie

in English.

While she was on holiday, Kelly called her family every day.

C

Expressions

Amy Can you read that message on my phone, please? My hands are wet.

Claire It’s locked. What’s the PIN?

Amy You don’t need a PIN to unlock it. Just swipe the screen left to right.

PIN

swipe

save

Tim I can’t save any new photos.

Emily Your phone memory is full. You need to delete some photos and messages.

delete

40

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary



Exercises

17.1 Match the things on your phone with what they do.

1 camera

a stores the information you need to use your phone

2 SIM card

b covers the phone

3 screen

c starts the phone

4 phone case

d takes photos

5 power button

e shows pictures and words

17.2 Choose the right words to complete these sentences.

1 Tanya has a new app / battery for texting on the Internet.

2 When your phone’s battery is low, you need a charger / camera.

3 You can use my phone to voicemail / call Megan.

4 Danny’s new phone has a great screen / camera. It takes amazing photos.

5 I bought a new battery / SIM card in France, so that it was cheaper to call and use the Internet.

6 I want to buy a new phone case / app. This one is old and dirty.

17.3 Complete these sentences with words from B.

1 Maria texted

me last night, but I didn’t see her message until this morning.

2 Carlos

a lot of photos of his new dog and puts them on Facebook.

3 What was the last app that you

?

4 Lucy

her sister. They talked about their holiday at the beach.

5 Victor

me a voicemail. He asked me to call him back.

17.4 Complete the conversation with words from C.

DEEPA:

Can I look at your photos from the concert?

IREENA: Sure. Here’s my phone. Let me just put in the PIN to 1 unlock it.

DEEPA:

That’s a great one! Do I 2

right to see the next photo?

IREENA: Yes, that’s right.

DEEPA:

Did you delete the ones from the restaurant?

IREENA: No, I 3

them in a different folder. Here they are.

17.5

Over to you

Answer these questions for yourself.

1 Do you use a PIN to lock your phone?

2 Do you have a phone case? What does it look like?

3 What apps do you use most often?

4 Do you save all the photos you take, or do you delete some of them?

5 Have you taken a selfie recently?

6 Do you prefer to call or text people? Why?

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary

41





18 Holidays

A

Holiday (noun)

We had a lovely holiday in Egypt in 2014.

I’m not working next week. I’m on holiday.

Are you going on holiday this summer?

B

Types of holidays

We’re going on a package holiday to Hong Kong. [flights and hotel are included]

We’re going to have a winter holiday this year.

I want to go camping this year. [sleep in a tent]

I’m going on a walking holiday in the Alps.

A coach tour is an easy way to go on holiday. [travelling in a comfortable bus]

C

Transport

by plane

by train

by car

by ferry

by coach

D

Don’t forget to take …

your passport (if you are going to another country)

a visa [a stamp that you need in your passport to go to some countries]

your tickets

some currency [money of the country you are going to]

a camera

your luggage /ˈlʌgɪdʒ/ (e.g. a suitcase or a rucksack) passport

ticket

currency

camera

suitcase

rucksack

E

Expressions

A Are you flying to France from England?

B No, we’re going by ferry.

A What are you going to do in Madrid?

B We want to try the local food and enjoy the nightlife [clubs, etc.].

A Have a great time! And send me a postcard!

(See Unit 32: Travelling and Unit 49: Moving for more words about travel.) 42

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary



Exercises

18.1 Complete the sentences.

1 A: Are you working on Monday?

B: No, I’m on

holiday.

2 A: Are you

on holiday this year?

B: Yes, I’m going camping.

3 A: Did you have a good

in Greece?

B: Yes, it was wonderful.

4 A: Are you flying to Italy?

B: No, I’m going

train.

5 A: I’m going to New York next week.

B: Great! Please

me a postcard.

18.2 What type of holiday is each person talking about?

1 It was fun but the tent was very small.

camping

2 Everything was included - hotels and flights.

3 We were on the coach for seven days. I was very tired.

4 We walked about 20 kilometres every day.

5 We went to Switzerland in December. There was a lot of snow.

18.3 Look at the different ways of travelling. Put one tick (✓) for sometimes true, two ticks for often true and three ticks for always true.

you can take a lot

very fast

cheap

you see a lot as

relaxing

of luggage

you travel

ferry

car

✓✓✓

plane

18.4 Write the names of these things you need for a holiday.

1 currency

3

5

2

4

6

18.5 What do we call:

1 something you take photos with? a c amera

2 a special stamp in your passport to enter a country? a v

3 something you fly in? a p

4 something that you carry things on your back in? a r

5 what people carry their clothes in when they go on holiday? a s 18.6 Fill the gaps in this email.

I’m having a great1

time

here in Spain. The2

is great - the clubs

are open all night. The3

food is very good - lots of sh and salads. Please send me a 4

from your holiday in Italy.

Love

Alex

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary

43





19 Shops and shopping

A

Kinds of shops

butcher*

post office

supermarket

bookshop

baker*

department store

chemist*

newsagent*

gift shop

* These words are also for people’s jobs. We often add ’s and say: I’m going to the newsagent’s to get a paper. Do you want anything from the butcher’s?

B

In the department store

Fourth floor

z Toys

A department store is a large

z Restaurant

shop which sells a lot of different

Third floor

z Furniture

things - clothes, beauty products,

toys, etc.

Second floor

z Men’s Wear

z Children’s Department

First floor

z Women’s Wear

Ground Floor

z Beauty

Basement

z Electricals

z Food

C

Signs in shops

D

Expressions

Shop assistant Can I help you?

Customer Can I try this shirt on? ( goes and tries it on) Have you got a bigger / smaller size / a different colour?

Shop assistant No, I’m sorry. That’s the only one.

Customer OK. I’ll take it. How much does it cost?

Shop assistant £22.

Customer Can I pay by cheque?

Shop assistant No, credit card, debit card or cash, please.

Customer Sorry, I only have a £50 note. I don’t have any change [coins or smaller notes].

Shop assistant That’s OK. Here’s your receipt. Would you like a (carrier) bag?

44

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary



Exercises

19.1 Match the item with the shop.

toy shop butcher chemist baker gift shop newsagent

5

1

3

sausages

aspirin

souvenir

T-shirt

2

4

6

beach

ball

bread

greeting cards

19.2 Where do you need to go?

1 I want to get a newspaper. the newsagent

2 I’d like to buy food for a week.

3 I need some stamps.

4 We must get Michael a present.

5 I’d like to buy a book.

6 I want to buy some clothes for myself and my children in one shop.

19.3 Look at the department store plan in B opposite. Which floor will you go to buy: 1 an armchair?

third floor

6 some baby clothes?

2 lipstick?

7 a tie?

3 a cup of tea?

8 a TV?

4 a packet of tea?

9 a bed?

5 a skirt?

10 a doll?

19.4 Write the words for these definitions.

1 a person who sells things in a shop shop assistant

4 ‘plastic money’

2 money (not a cheque or credit/debit card)

5 coins or small notes

3 a piece of paper that is worth £20

Now write definitions in English for these words/phrases.

6 a butcher’s

8 a newsagent’s

7 the first floor

9 the basement

19.5 Which sign tells you ...

1 that you can give the money for the things you are buying here? Cash desk 2 that you can’t go into the shop?

3 that the door will open towards you?

4 that the door will open away from you?

5 that you can go into the shop?

19.6 Fill the gaps in the dialogue.

CUSTOMER:

How much does this jacket 1

?

SHOP ASSISTANT:

£50.

CUSTOMER:

I’ll take it, please. Can I 2

by credit card?

SHOP ASSISTANT:

Certainly. I’ll put your receipt in the 3

.

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary

45





20 Online shopping

A

Buying something

WOMEN

MEN

CHILDREN

SALE

Your basket

(0)

Search products

SHOP BY PRODUCT

Cotton T-shirt

T-shirts and tops

Colour: White

Blue

Jumpers

Red

Trousers and jeans

Size: Small

Medium

Shoes and boots

Large

Price: £6.99

Jackets and coats

Delivery options:

Free Delivery (3-5 days)

Next Day Delivery (delivery

on 16 November) £5.99

H H H H H

Add to basket

Read the reviews

Today’s Date: 15 November

B

Your order

Delivery Address

CHECKOUT

Delete this item

Name : Bernard Taylor

House number : 145

Your Order

Order Number: 5624890

Street : Shaftesbury Road

Items: 2 T-shirts

City : Cambridge

Size: Small

Post code : CB2 8RU

Colour: White

Country : UK

Total: £13.98

Phone number : 01223 238331

Free delivery (3-5 days)

Email : btaylor@inuse.com

Language help

1

A post code (zip code in the US) is a long number at the end of an address. In the UK, it also contains letters

2

(e.g. BA1 1LZ). A US zip code looks like this: 10509.

C

Expressions

1 Lisa likes to shop online because it’s quick and easy.

3

4

2 Most people pay for their online shopping with credit cards.

3 Reading online reviews can help you choose what to buy.

4 If you are not at home to receive the delivery, we will take it to the post office.

46

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary



Exercises

20.1 Match the words from A and B with the examples on the right.

1 size

a MR12 6QA

2 price

b MasterCard

3 delivery address

c 8167990012

4 post code

d small

5 credit card

e £12.89

6 order number

f 7 Park Lane, Bristol

20.2 Choose the right word to complete these sentences.

1 When you shop online, you can search for / collect the best price.

2 You can read sizes / reviews from other people who bought the same thing.

3 If you want to buy something, add / deliver it to your basket.

4 If you don’t want to buy something that is in your basket, you can delete / order it.

5 Don’t forget to check how much you will pay for delivery / order number.

6 You can use your credit card / post code to pay for your shopping.

20.3 Complete the dialogue with the words below.

next day

post code

delivery

order number

TOM:

I’m waiting for a 1 delivery

of apair of shoes.

CUSTOMER CARE:

What’s your 2

?

TOM:

It’s G99215540000Z.

CUSTOMER CARE:

And what’s your address and 3

?

TOM:

31 Mill Road, WC2 5SN. I bought them yesterday and

I paid £5 for 4

delivery. Will they be here today?

CUSTOMER CARE:

I’m sorry. We’re very busy. Your order will be

delivered tomorrow.

20.4 Put these steps of buying a computer online in the correct order.

1 F

2

3

4

5

6

A Wait at home for the delivery

B Add the computer to your basket

C Choose next day delivery

D Pay with a credit card

E Search for a website which sells the computer you want

F Read online reviews and choose which computer you want to buy 20.5

Over to you

Answer these questions.

1 Do people often shop online in your country?

2 Have you ever bought things online? If yes, what did you buy?

3 Do you usually read the reviews before you buy something?

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary

47





21 In a hotel

A

Places and things in the hotel

form

reception

lift

key

bathroom

shower

TV

luggage

phone

bill

mini-bar

hairdryer

B

Expressions in reception

Do you have a single room [for one person] / a double room [for two people]?

I have a reservation. [I booked a room] My name is …

We’d like a room with a view of the sea.

The receptionist may say:

Here is your key.

Your room is on the first floor. Take the lift. It’s over there.

Would you like some help with your luggage?

Can you fill in this form, please?

Sign (your name) here, please. [write your name]

Please check your bill [make sure it is correct].

When you leave you say:

Can I check out, please?

Can I have the bill, please?

C

Asking questions about hotel services

How much is a single room with a bathroom?

Can I order room service?

How do I get an outside line? (You want to phone someone who is not in the hotel.) What is the code for Poland?

Can I have breakfast in my room, please?

Can I have a wake-up call at 6.30, please? (You want to wake up at 6.30.) What time is breakfast / lunch / dinner?

Can I (ex)change some money, please?

48

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary



Exercises

21.1 Look at the pictures and complete the dialogue with words from the opposite page.

1

CUSTOMER:

Can I have a

double

room for tonight, please?

2

RECEPTIONIST:

Would you like a room with a

?

3

CUSTOMER:

Yes, please. And with a

, please.

4

RECEPTIONIST:

All our rooms have a TV, a

and a

5

. I can give you room 25. It has a view of the

6

7

. Here is your

. The

8

is over there. The room’s on the second floor.

21.2 Match what you want on the left with what you need on the right.

You want:

You need:

1 to have a drink in your room

a the lift

2 to go to the top floor

b an outside line

3 to open your door

c a shower

4 to get up at 6 am

d a mini-bar

5 to phone your country

e a hairdryer

6 to watch the news

f a wake-up call

7 to wash your hair

g a TV

8 to dry your hair

h a key

21.3 Choose the right words to complete these sentences.

1 At reception / reservation you can order room / lift service.

2 We’d like a two / double room with a view / see of the garden, please.

3 The lift is after / over there. Take it to the second floor / room.

4 Please fill / write in this form / bill.

5 I’d like a sit-up / wake-up call at 7.30 and I’d like to make / have breakfast in my room, please.

6 I have a luggage / reservation for a single / one room with a bathroom.

7 Can I cash / have the bill, please? I’ll check / change it now.

8 I’m leaving today. Can I exchange / order some dollars here before I pay / check out?

21.4 Write down questions that you can ask in a hotel beginning: Can I … ? Use these words.

wake-up call Can I have a wake-up call, please?

breakfast in my room

bill

double room

luggage

21.5 Answer the questions.

1 How much does a hotel room cost in the capital of your country?

2 What is the code for Britain if you phone from your country?

3 What time is breakfast usually in a hotel in your country?

4 Is it most important for you to have a hairdryer, a TV or a mini-bar in a hotel room?

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary

49





22 Eating out

A

Places where you can eat

café: you can have a cup of tea / coffee and a snack there (e.g. a sandwich or a cake). They sometimes serve meals too (e.g. lunch, dinner).

restaurant: you go there for a meal; more expensive than a café.

bar / pub: bars and pubs serve alcohol and soft drinks [non-alcoholic drinks, e.g. fruit juice]; you can usually have a meal or a snack there too.

fast food restaurant: you can get a quick hot meal there, for example burger and chips.

take-away: you buy a snack or a meal there and take it home to eat.

B

In a restaurant

Menu

STARTERS

Soup of the day (v)

Mixed salad (v)

MAIN COURSES

Steak with chips or new potatoes

Fish and chips

Vegetable curry (v)

Salmon fillet with green beans

Burger with chips and mushrooms

DESSERTS

Chocolate ice cream

Apple pie

Fruit salad

(v = vegetarian)

C

Expressions

Waiter Are you ready to order?

Customer Yes, I’d like the steak, please.

Waiter Would you like it with chips or new potatoes?

Customer With chips, please.

Waiter How would you like your steak - rare, medium or well-done?

Customer Well-done, please.

Waiter And what would you like to drink?

Customer I’ll have a coke, please.

(later)

Waiter Is everything all right?

Customer Thank you, it’s delicious. [very good]

(later)

Customer Could I have the bill, please?

Waiter Yes, of course.

50

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary



Exercises

22.1 Look at A opposite. Where would you go to …

1 buy a meal and take it home to eat?

a take-away

2 have a romantic dinner for two?

3 eat a quick lunch?

4 have a cake and a cup of coffee?

5 drink a glass of wine with friends?

22.2 Write down the name of a place of this type in your town.

1 fast food restaurant:

McDonald’s

2 café:

3 take-away:

4 restaurant:

5 bar:

22.3 Choose one of the words in the box which can go with each of the words in each group.

steak curry pie soup salad

1 You can have tomato / vegetable / chicken soup

as a starter.

2 I’d like the beef / chicken / vegetable

as a main course.

3 I’ll have the mixed / tomato / fruit

4 Can I have the apple / chicken

, please.

5 Do you like your

well-done, medium or rare?

22.4 Correct the six mistakes in this dialogue.

WAITER:

Are you ready for order? to

CUSTOMER: Yes. I like vegetable soup and steak, please.

WAITER:

What would you like your steak? Rare, medium or done good?

CUSTOMER: Rare, please.

WAITER:

What you would like to drink?

CUSTOMER: A orange juice, please.

22.5 Cover the menu opposite. Write the food you can remember. Look at the menu again and check your answers.

22.6 Answer these questions.

1 What would you choose to eat from the menu opposite?

2 What can vegetarians eat from the menu?

3 Do you like eating out?

4 How often do you go to a restaurant?

Over to you

Sometimes restaurants in other countries have English menus for tourists. Look at one of these.

Write down any useful words you find.

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary

51





23 Sports

A

Ball games

We play all these sports.

football

rugby

American football

basketball

badminton

baseball

tennis

volleyball

table tennis

B

Other popular sports

running

sailing

motor racing

swimming

kayaking

judo / karate

skiing

horse racing

snowboarding

We can use go with all the sports listed in B, apart from judo and karate. I go running every day. I went skiing last year. We use do with judo and karate. She does judo.

(See Unit 39: Go / went / gone.) C

Where we do sports

We play tennis / badminton / volleyball / basketball on a tennis / badminton / volleyball /

basketball court.

We play football / rugby on a football / rugby pitch.

We swim in a swimming pool.

Many towns have a sports centre - you can do lots of different sports there.

D

Expressions

Do you do any sports?

Yes, I go swimming / running / sailing / kayaking.

Do you play football / tennis / badminton?

I play tennis. Which sports do you play?

What’s your favourite sport?

I like motor racing best.

52

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary



Exercises

23.1 Cover the opposite page. What are these sports?

1 rugby

3

5

2

4

6

23.2 Which sports use these things?

1 kayaking

3

5

7

2

4

6

8

23.3 Ask questions for these answers.

1 Where do people play tennis?

On a tennis court.

2 Do you

Yes, but only American football.

3

No, I don’t do any at all. I prefer watching TV.

4 Do you

Yes, I go to the swimming pool every Friday.

5 What

I like running best.

6 Where

On a rugby pitch.

23.4 Look at the different sports in this unit.

1 Write the names of the sports you have done.

2 Where did you do them?

3 Which ones do you like?

4 Which do you not like?

5 Which ones would you like to do?

Over to you

Make a page in your vocabulary book for ‘sports’. Look at the sports pages of an English-language newspaper. Write down the names of sports you do not know. Look them up in a dictionary.

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary

53





24 Cinema

A

Types of films

a western

a cartoon

a horror film

a comedy

a thriller

an action film

a science fiction film

a musical

a romantic comedy

B

People in films

Monica Bellucci is a film star.

She was in the new James Bond film.

Daniel Radcliffe played Harry Potter in

the Harry Potter films.

I like films by Italian directors.

C

Expressions

A Have you seen the latest James Bond film?

B Yes, I saw it on TV.

Common mistakes

A Did you like the new Batman film?

What’s on at the cinema this week? [NOT What’s on

B Yes, I loved it / enjoyed it.

the cinema this week?]

No, it was boring.

There’s a comedy with Jennifer Aniston.

A Do you like westerns?

B No, I like science fiction films best.

Common mistakes

A The best action film I’ve seen was Jason Bourne with Matt Damon.

Do you go to the cinema often?

B If I see a horror film, I can’t sleep.

[NOT Do you go to cinema often?]

Yes, I go every week.

No, I watch DVDs at home.

54

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary



Exercises

24.1 What types of films are these?

1 Some cowboys rob a train. western

2 A flying saucer lands from Mars.

3 A dead person comes back to life.

4 James Bond saves the world.

5 Mickey Mouse goes on a picnic.

6 A man falls in love with his teacher.

7 A dead body is found in the river.

8 There are lots of songs and dancing.

24.2 Write the name of a film of each type.

1 science fiction

Interstellar

2 romantic comedy

3 thriller

4 western

5 musical

6 cartoon

24.3 Word puzzle. Can you make words for other types of films with the letters of ROMANTIC?

T H R I L L E R

O

R

C

M

Y

A

T

N

S

N C

F

N

W

T

N

M

I C

L

C A

O O

24.4 Fill the gaps in these sentences.

1 Do you prefer going to the

cinema or watching TV?

2 We

a DVD last night.

3 Who

James Bond in Skyfall?

4 Was Rachel Weisz

The Constant Gardener?

5 Lots of big

live in Hollywood.

6 Steven Spielberg is a famous American film

24.5 Answer these questions.

1 What is your favourite type of film?

2 Who is your favourite film star?

3 Do you prefer going to the cinema or watching DVDs?

4 What was the last film you saw?

5 How can you find out what is on at the cinema where you live or study?

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary

55





25 Free time at home

A

TV, radio, music, film

I watch TV every evening.

Did you watch / see the film about President Kennedy?

What programmes do you like best on TV and radio?

I like watching films on TV. (You can also say: I like to watch …) At the weekend, we usually watch a DVD.

I like listening to music on the radio. (You can also say: I like to listen …)

I often listen to music on my phone when I’m relaxing.

I need some new headphones for my phone.

B

Hobbies

A lot of young people play video games every day.

I download music and films from the Internet.

I chat to my friends online every evening.

I really like cooking.

Do you like gardening? /ˈgɑːdnɪŋ/

We grow flowers and vegetables in our garden.

C

Reading

I read a lot at home.

What do you read?

I read novels [long stories]. My sister likes comics.

I like books about nature and different countries.

I like magazines about music and sport.

Do you read a newspaper every day?

D

Expressions

We sometimes have friends round

[we ask them to come to our house / flat].

I often have friends to dinner.

My best friend comes to stay sometimes.

[sleeps in my house / flat]

I talk to my friends on the phone every evening.

Sometimes, I just do nothing.

Grandpa likes to have a sleep after lunch.

Common mistakes

We watch TV [NOT see TV] and we listen to the

radio [NOT hear or listen the radio].

56

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary



Exercises

25.1 What are these people doing?

1 She’s watching TV.

3 He’s

a 5 She’s

2 He’s

4 He’s

6 He’s

to

25.2 Fill in the missing verbs.

1 I usually listen

to music on my laptop at home.

2 I like

magazines more than newspapers.

3 I

to my sister on the phone every Sunday.

4 A lot of people like to

a sleep after lunch.

5 Do you ever

friends to dinner?

6 The children

video games every evening.

7 I want to

some music from the Internet this evening.

8 Did you

the programme about Namibia yesterday?

9 My dad

vegetables in his garden.

10 Shall we

a DVD tonight?

25.3 Answer these questions.

1 When you have friends round, what do you like to do?

2 Who comes to stay at your house / flat?

3 What do you like to read most?

4 How often do you talk to your friends on the phone?

5 Do you have a garden? Do you like gardening?

6 How often do you chat to your friends online?

7 Do you often download music or films from the Internet?

8 What is your favourite video game?

9 When do you use headphones?

25.4 Interesting or boring? Number these activities from 5 (= very interesting) to 1 (= very boring).

gardening

cooking

reading

using the Internet

watching DVDs

listening to music

doing nothing

chatting online

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary

57





26 Music and musical instruments

A

Music, musical and musician

Music is an uncountable noun. We do not use it in the plural.

The band played fantastic music for more than two hours

[NOT fantastic musics].

Musical is an adjective.

There is a shop on King Street that sells musical instruments

[NOT music instruments].

A musician (noun) is a person.

My brother is a very good musician. He plays three instruments.

B

Musical instruments

flute

piano

cello

guitar

drums

violin

trumpet

clarinet

C

Playing musical instruments

Ava plays the clarinet. Her brother plays the drums.

Krishnan is learning the guitar. His friend, Isabella, has piano lessons.

Mia is a very good flute-player. She plays in an orchestra. Her friend, Nuria, is a good trumpet-player.

Lucas is an excellent violinist. His sister is a good pianist.

Can you play a musical instrument?

D

Listening to music

Charlotte loves classical music. (for example, Beethoven, Mozart) [NOT classic music]

Harper can’t stand opera [dislikes it very much]. She prefers pop music.

I like folk music, jazz and rock.

I often listen to music on the train.

I downloaded some new songs yesterday. Do you want to hear them?

Common mistakes

A band means a group of musicians.

Nuala had a really good band at her 21st birthday party. [NOT ‘a really good music band’]

A concert means an event with music.

We’re going to a concert tonight. [NOT ‘a music concert’]

58

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary



Exercises

26.1 Choose the correct word: music, musical or musician.

1 What are your favourite types of music

?

2 My brother thinks he’s a good

, but he’s very bad!

3 Can you play a

instrument?

4 I love different types of

, for example, jazz, rock and classical.

5 Which

instrument would you like to learn?

6 Are there any

in your family?

26.2 Look at the pictures and complete the sentences.

Mason

Emily

Madison

Noah

Emma

Abigail

William

Ella

1 Madison plays the violin

2

plays the cello in an

3 Noah loves playing the

4 Emily is having a

lesson.

5 Mason is a very good

-player.

6 Ella plays the

every evening.

7 William

the

8 Emma is learning the

. She will be a good flute-

one day.

9

is a violinist.

10

wants to be a pianist.

26.3 Choose the correct answer, a, b or c.

1 I love a) classic b) classical c) classist music. Beethoven is my favourite.

2 My brother a) can’t stand b) can stand c) can’t stay folk music but I love it.

3 I have some tickets for a a) concert music b) music concert c) concert at the Town Hall.

Would you like one?

4 I always a) listen in b) listen to c) listen music when I’m studying.

5 My sister plays in a a) music band b) band music c) band with three other girls from her school.

26.4 Answer these questions.

1 How often do you download music?

2 Which musical instrument on the opposite page do you like best?

3 Can you play a musical instrument?

4 Which musical instrument would you like to learn?

5 Do you prefer classical music or pop music?

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary

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27 Countries and nationalities

A

Continents and countries

continent

country

continent

country

North America

Canada

Australia

Australia

the USA / the US

New Zealand

South America

Argentina

Asia

China

Brazil

India

Chile

Japan

Colombia

Pakistan

Peru

Thailand

Europe

Germany

Africa

Egypt

Italy

Morocco

Poland

South Africa

Spain

Tunisia

the UK

Antarctica

It is not possible to show all the countries of the world on a small page. If your country is not included, check its English name with your teacher or on the Internet.

Common mistakes

All the nouns and adjectives for continents, countries and nationalies always begin with a capital letter, for example Africa [NOT africa].

B

Nationalities

notes

adjective

most country adjectives

American, Argentinian, Australian, Brazilian, Canadian,

end in (i)an

Colombian, Egyptian, German, Indian, Italian, Moroccan,

Peruvian, South African, Tunisian

many country adjectives

British, English, Finnish, Irish, Polish, Scottish, Spanish end in ish

a few country adjectives

Chinese, Japanese, Portuguese

end in ese

exceptions

Pakistani, Thai, French

Tip

Remember that words for languages are often the same as the ‘people’ adjective, e.g. French, Spanish, Japanese and Thai. One exception is Arabic.

60

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary



Exercises

27.1 Which countries do these letters make?

1 H I N A C China

4 O C R M O O C

2 Z I R A L B

5 A N J A P

3 P I N S A

6 D A L T H I N A

27.2 Match these capital cities to their countries and make sentences.

1 Tokyo Tokyo is the capital of Japan.

2 Rome

3 Canberra

4 Bogotá

Argentina Australia Colombia

5 Cairo

Egypt Germany Italy Japan

6 London

Poland Spain the UK

7 Berlin

8 Warsaw

9 Buenos Aires

10 Madrid

27.3 Which country is different? (Think of the languages they speak there.) Write sentences.

1 Australia, Canada, England, Iceland

In England, Canada and Australia they speak English

but in Iceland they speak Icelandic.

2 Brazil, Chile, Mexico, Spain

3 Austria, Germany, Italy, Switzerland

4 China, Egypt, Morocco, Saudi Arabia

5 Canada, France, Scotland, Switzerland

27.4 What is the adjective for these countries?

1 Indian Indian

6 Spain

2 Thailand

7 Peru

3 Germany

8 China

4 Egypt

9 Australia

5 Argentina

10 Poland

27.5 Write down:

1 the name of your country.

2 the names of the countries next to your country.

3 the name of your language.

4 the name for people from your country.

Over to you

In which continents are these places? Use the Internet to help you.

Mount Everest Asia

The Sahara

The Amazon

Wagga Wagga

The Volga

Mount Kilimanjaro

The Mississippi

Mount Fuji

Lake Titicaca

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28 Weather

A

Types of weather

snow

sun

rain

cloud

fog

wind

thunder

lightning

B

Adjectives and verbs

noun

adjective

sun

sunny

rain

rainy

wind

windy

cloud

cloudy

snow

snowy

fog

foggy

thunder

thundery

lightning

-

C

Other useful weather words

It is very hot in Mexico - it is often 45 degrees there in summer.

It is very cold in the Arctic - it is often minus 50 degrees there.

It can be very wet in London - carry an umbrella when you go sightseeing there.

It is very dry in the Sahara - it doesn’t often rain there.

A hurricane is a very strong wind.

A storm is when there is a strong wind and rain together.

A thunderstorm is when there is thunder, lightning, rain and sometimes wind together.

D

Expressions

It’s a sunny day in Tokyo today, but it’s cloudy in Hong Kong.

It’s foggy in Sydney and it’s snowing / it’s snowy in Moscow.

It’s raining in Barcelona but the sun is shining in Granada.

Common mistakes

It’s a lovely day.

It’s a horrible day, isn’t it!

We say It’s windy / cloudy / foggy /

sunny [NOT It’s winding / clouding /

What’s the weather like in your

fogging / sunning].

country in June?

It’s usually warm and sunny.

Tip

Watch the weather forecast in English on TV or

online as often as you can.

62

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary



Exercises

28.1 Match the words and the symbols.

1 snow

2 sun

3 rain

4 fog

5 lightning

6 wind

7 cloud

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

28.2 Look at the chart. Write sentences about the cities in the chart.

Hanoi

1 It is sunny in Hanoi.

Hong Kong

2 It is raining in Hong Kong.

La Paz

3 It is

Paris

4 It

Tashkent

5

Seoul

6

Washington

7

28.3 Complete these sentences with a word from the opposite page.

1 The sun shone

every day last month.

2 When it

, I take my umbrella.

3 What’s the

like in your country in January?

4 When it

, we can go skiing.

5 You see

before you hear thunder.

6 It is 24

here today.

7 It is dangerous to be in a small boat at sea in a

8 It is very

in Siberia in winter.

28.4 Are these sentences true about the weather in your country? If not, correct them.

1 It often snows in December. It sometimes snows in December.

2 It is usually 40 degrees in summer and minus 20 degrees in winter.

3 There are thunderstorms every day in August.

4 It is very wet in spring.

5 We never have hurricanes.

6 Summer is usually hot and dry.

28.5 What do you like to do or not like to do in these types of weather?

1 fog I don’t like to drive.

3 a rainy day

5 a windy day

2 sunny weather

4 snow

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29 In the town

A

Places in the town

Train station / railway station - you can get a train here.

Bus station - you can get a bus here.

Shops - you can buy things here. (See Unit 19: Shops and shopping.) Shopping centre - area of town with a lot of shops.

Tourist information office - tourists can get information here.

Museum - you can see interesting old things here.

Bank - you can change money here or get money from a cash machine.

Post office - you can post letters and parcels here.

Library /ˈlaIbr@ri/ - you can read books and newspapers here.

Town hall - local government officers work here.

Car park - you can park your car here.

Pedestrian area /ˈe@ri@/ - you can only walk here, you can’t come here by car.

B

Notices in towns

C

Asking for and giving directions

A: Where is the bus station?

B: Go left here and it’s at the end of

the road.

A: How do I get to Market Street?

B: Take the first right and then the

second left.

A: Is there a shopping centre near here?

B: Yes, turn right here. The entrance is on

Market Street on the left.

A: Can I park here?

B: No, but there’s a car park on Park Street.

A: Excuse me, I’m looking for the museum.

B: It’s on Bridge Road. Take the number

31 bus and get off at the second stop.

A: Can you tell me the way to the nearest bank, please? I need a cash machine.

B: No problem. Go left here and there’s one on the other side of the road.

64

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary



Exercises

29.1 Answer the questions.

1 Where can I get a bus to London? at the bus station

2 Where can I get information about hotels?

3 Where can I change money?

4 Where can I park my car?

5 Where can I see old and interesting things?

6 Where can I get a train?

7 Where can I go to a lot of different shops?

8 Where can I go to post a parcel?

29.2 Which notice from B opposite will help you?

1 The cash machine doesn’t give you any money. Out of order 2 You are in the shopping centre and you want to leave.

3 You want to sit in a place where there are no cigarettes.

4 You want to know if people can go on the grass.

5 You want to go into the museum.

29.3 Complete these sentences.

1 Turn right at the end

of the road.

2 The bus

is over there

the left.

3 For the Town Hall

the number 14 bus.

4

is a post office on the other

of the road.

5 You can find a cash

at the bank in High Street.

6 We can get a map of the town at the tourist

office.

7 Can you tell me the

to the railway

, please?

8

me. I’m looking

a car park.

29.4 What words are these?

1 sumuem museum

6 dtaeepsrin raae

2 nowt hlal

7 scah enicmah

3 brilyra

8 tsop ffcoie

4 rac prak

9 phoss

5 ywrlaai nttoisa

10 sub post

29.5 Look at the map in C opposite. How do you get from the tourist information office to the shopping centre? Write directions.

29.6 Does your town have these places? Where are they? Write sentences.

1 a train station There’s a train station. It’s at the end of Station Road.

2 a bus station

5 a town hall

8 a museum

3 a shopping centre

6 a pedestrian area

9 a post office

4 a library

7 a tourist information office

Tip

Keep a notebook in your pocket. Many towns in different countries have notices in English to help tourists. Write down any English words and expressions that you see in your town.

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary

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30 In the countryside

The countryside and the country both mean ‘not the city’. Country can also mean a nation (e.g. France, China).

A

Things we can see in the countryside

mountains

forest

hills

village

wood

lake

fields

path

river

farm

country road

B

Living and working in the countryside

In the countryside, people usually live in a small town (e.g. 6,000 people) or village /vɪlɪdʒ/

(e.g. 700 people).

A farmer lives on a farm and works in the fields.

My friend lives in a cottage /ˈkɒtɪdʒ/ [small house in a village or the countryside].

C

Nature /ˈneɪtʃə/ and conservation /kɒnsəˈveɪʃən/

Nature means ‘everything in the natural world’. (= animals, birds, plants, etc.) There is wonderful wildlife in the north of the country. [animals, birds, fish and insects]

Near the village there is a conservation area [place where wildlife and nature are protected].

Common mistakes

I love nature [NOT I love the nature]. I like walking in the countryside [NOT I like walking in the nature].

‘Nature’ is not a place.

In the south of the country, there is a national park [very big national conservation area].

wildlife

D

Things to do in the countryside

You can take food and drink and have a picnic.

You can go walking / skiing in the mountains.

66

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary



Exercises

30.1 Cover the opposite page. How many names of things in the countryside can you remember?

1 mountains

3

4

2

5

11

10

6

9

8

7

30.2 Fill the gaps in these sentences.

1 My brother is a farmer. He lives on a farm

2 It’s not a big house; it’s just a

3 The farm is near a

which has 800 people.

4 Twenty kilometres from the village there is a small

. It has 9,000 people.

30.3 Match the beginning of the sentences on the left with the ends of the sentences on the right.

1 We went swimming

a sitting by the river.

2 We went walking

b in the national park.

3 We went skiing

c in the lake. The water was warm.

4 We saw some wonderful wildlife

d along a five-kilometre path.

5 We had a picnic

e down the mountain.

30.4 Put the in the sentences if necessary.

1 My parents live in the

countryside.

2 He loves

nature.

3 She wants to live in

country.

4 They are interested in

wildlife.

30.5 Describe the typical countryside where you come from. Write eight sentences about it.

Use these questions to help you.

1 Are there any woods or forests? There are some big forests.

2 Are there any hills or mountains?

3 Are there any lakes or rivers?

4 Are there many villages or small towns?

5 Are there farms?

6 Are there paths where you can walk?

7 Can you go skiing?

8 Can you see wildlife?

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary

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31 Animals

A

Farm animals

pig

cow

horse

sheep

goat

chicken / hen

animal

produce

baby

horse

hair, meat

foal

cow

milk, leather, meat (beef)

calf

sheep

wool, meat (lamb)

lamb

pig

meat (pork, bacon, ham)

piglet

chicken / hen

eggs, meat (chicken)

chick

goat

milk, meat

kid

B

Wild or zoo animals

monkey

giraffe

tiger

snake

elephant

lion

C

Pets

These animals are often pets.

tortoise

fish

rabbit

cat

parrot

dog

A parrot is a bird.

D

Expressions

Take your dog for a walk every day.

You must feed your animals and give them water every day.

Do you have any pets?

68

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary



Exercises

31.1 Complete these sentences.

1 A tortoise

goes to sleep in winter.

2 A

has a very long neck.

3

and

are birds.

4

and

are large cats.

5 You can ride a

and an

6

swim and

fly.

7

are farm birds.

8

are very good at hopping and jumping.

9 Don’t forget to

the cat and to

it some water.

10 I

my dog for a walk every day before school.

31.2 Match the animal with its meat and with its baby.

animal

meat

baby

goat

lamb

calf

sheep

chicken

piglet

cow

pork

lamb

hen

beef

kid

pig

goat

chick

31.3 Look at the animals opposite. Find three animals which: 1 eat meat.

lions,

2 give us things that we wear.

3 produce their babies in eggs.

4 we can eat.

31.4 Look at the pictures and complete the crossword.

1

Across

Down

p

2

3

4

3

1

a

5

r

6

7

r

2

6

o

8

9

t

7

4

5

8

9

31.5 There are 18 different animals in the pictures on the opposite page. Close the book.

How many of these animals can you remember?

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary

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32 Travelling

A

Types of transport

train

bus

bicycle / bike

taxi

car

(aero)plane

helicopter

motorbike / motorcycle

underground

boat

ship

B

Useful travel words

map

timetable

customs

luggage

passport

Can I have a single / return (ticket) to Barcelona, please?

(single = Madrid to Barcelona; return = Madrid to Barcelona and back to Madrid) I’d like to book / reserve a seat in advance [to make sure you have a seat].

Common mistakes

Was the journey long? [NOT Was the travel long?]

C

By train

The train arriving at platform 3 is the 16:50 train to Paris.

The Edinburgh train departs / leaves from platform 6. ( departs is formal) Is there a restaurant car on this train?

A: Do I have to change trains for Toulouse? [get off one train and get onto another]

B: No, it’s a direct train.

D

By plane

You have to check in two hours before the plane takes off [leaves the ground].

Online check-in is also possible. / You can check in online.

Give your boarding card to the flight attendant when you Common mistakes

get on the plane.

I went through customs but nobody

Have a good flight.

checked my passport [NOT controlled

The plane lands in New York at 14:30.

my passport].

After landing you have to go through customs.

E

By car

We hired a car for a week. We had to fill it up with petrol.

Can I give you a lift? I’m going into town.

(See Unit 18: Holidays and Unit 49: Moving for more useful words about travelling.) 70

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary



Exercises

32.1 Match the words on the left with their definitions on the right.

1 land

a a place to eat on a train

2 direct

b bags and suitcases

3 restaurant car

c it says when trains depart and arrive

4 ship

d you do not have to change to a different plane / train / bus 5 timetable

e planes do this at airports

6 platform

f it travels on water, e.g. the Titanic

7 luggage

g where you stand when you are waiting for a train

32.2 Are these sentences true or false? Correct the false sentences.

1 A single ticket takes you to a place and back again.

False. A return ticket takes you to a

place and back again.

2 At customs, people check what you bring into the country.

3 Planes land at the beginning of a journey.

4 You need a boarding card to get off a plane.

5 Hiring a car is the same as buying a car.

6 If you give someone a lift they travel in your car.

32.3 Here are directions from the airport to John’s house.

When you arrive at the airport, take a number 10 bus to the station. Then take a train to Bigtown. The journey takes half an hour and you get off the train at the second stop. Take a taxi from the station to John’s house.

Now write directions from the train station to your house.

32.4 Look at the pictures and complete the crossword.

Across

Down

3

1

1

2

3

4

t

i

5

6

2

m

6

e

t

7

3

a

7 b

l

8

4

8

e

5

Over to you

Make cards to test yourself. Write the word on one side of the card and a picture (or a definition or translation) on the other side. Look at the pictures (or definitions or translations). Can you remember the English words?

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary

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33 UK culture

A

Special days

festival

date

what people do

Christmas

25th December

send Christmas cards, give presents, spend time with their

families, decorate a Christmas tree, eat a lot

New Year’s Eve /

31st December

sing and dance, toast the New Year

Hogmanay (Scotland)

New Year’s Day

1st January

a bank holiday [day when most organisations are closed]

Valentine’s Day

14th February

send cards to boyfriend / girlfriend / husband / wife

Easter

dates vary

give children Easter eggs [chocolate eggs]

Halloween

31st October

children dress up, children knock at doors and ask for sweets Bonfire Night

5th November

have a bonfire and fireworks

B

Food

Traditional UK food is fish and chips

and roast beef and roast potatoes [cooked in

the oven] with Yorkshire pudding [dish made of flour, milk and eggs].

Chicken tikka masala [a kind of curry] comes from India, but is very popular in the UK.

C

Education

type of school

what it is

nursery school

for children aged 2-4

primary school

for children aged 5-11

secondary school

for children aged 12-18

state school

parents don’t pay for children to go here

private school

parents pay for children to go here

D

Politics

The UK has a royal family, with a king

or a queen.

Political decisions are made at the

Houses of Parliament.

The Prime Minister is the political

leader of the UK.

72

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary



Exercises

33.1 Which festivals do these pictures show?

1 Halloween

3

5

2

4

6

33.2 Look at the pictures. Find 10 more words connected with food in the puzzle.

C H

I

C K E N F D K N

R

Y O R K S H

I

R E P

O C V O M T

R S M V U

A Q E W A A

T H X

L D

S M V C S H G E Q L D

T P O T

A T O E S C

I

D F G B L

B K U V U N

X Z O E A P

I

V Z R G

A N D E C H

I

P S R B

C W Q F T

I

K K A Y J

33.3 Answer these questions about traditional UK food.

1 What do British people traditionally eat with fish? chips 2 Where does chicken tikka masala come from?

3 What is chicken tikka masala a kind of?

4 Do British people eat Yorkshire pudding after their main course?

5 In or on which part of the cooker do you make roast beef and roast potatoes?

33.4 Which kind of school do these British children go to?

1 Lily is seven. Her parents pay for her to go to school. a private primary school 2 Gabriel is 14. His school is free.

3 James and Ellie are three.

4 Mehmet is ten. His parents don’t pay for him to go to school.

5 Nick is 16. His parents pay for him to go to school.

Tip

33.5 Answer these questions about politics in

the UK.

Learn about UK life by using the BBC Learning

1 Who is Prime Minister at the moment?

English website which has up-to-date articles

2 Where does the Prime Minister work?

and news stories: http://www.bbc.co.uk/

3 Who is head of the royal family at

learningenglish/

the moment?

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary

73





34 Crime

A

Crimes and criminals

crime

robbery

murder /ˈmɜːdə/

burglary

mugging [attacking

/ˈbɜːgləri/

a person in a public

place and stealing their

money]

person

a robber

a murderer

a burglar

a mugger

verb

to robsomebody or

to murder

to break into a

to mug somebody

a place (e.g. a bank)

somebody

house / flat

(break / broke /

broken)

crime

car theft

drug dealing

terrorism

shoplifting

person

a car thief /θiːf/

a drug dealer

a terrorist

a shoplifter

verb

to steal a car (steal /

to sell drugs

to attack somebody or to steal things from

stole / stolen)

(sell / sold / sold)

a place

a shop

There was a burglary at the school last night.

Common mistakes

John West murdered his wife.

There are a lot of muggings in the city centre.

A thief steals something (steal / stole / stolen).

Somebody stole my bicycle. [NOT Somebody

The bank was robbed yesterday. My sister was

robbed my bicycle.]

robbed last week.

I was robbed last night. [NOT I was stolen.]

B

The law /lɔː/

A student was arrested for shoplifting this morning.

The police came to the school and spoke to his teacher.

The student has to go to court next week.

If he is guilty he will have to pay a fine. /ˈgɪlti/

If he is innocent he can go home. /ˈɪnəsənt/

I don’t think he will go to prison.

C

Other crime problems

Some vandals broke the windows in the telephone box.

[A vandal breaks and smashes things.]

We have a lot of vandalism in my town.

A lot of people take drugs nowadays.

Is football hooliganism a problem in your country? /ˈhuːlɪgənɪzm/

[A football hooligan is a person who goes to a football match and makes trouble.]

74

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary



Exercises

34.1 What do we call someone …

1 who steals cars? a car thief

2 who kills someone?

3 who steals things from shops?

4 who robs people’s houses and flats?

5 who attacks someone in the street and steals their money?

6 who sells illegal drugs?

34.2 Fill the gaps in these sentences.

1 There were a lot of football h ooligans

near the stadium.

2 The police officer arr

her for shoplifting.

3 Some van

destroyed all the flowers in the park.

4 He had to pay a fi

of £50 for parking his car in the wrong place.

5 There are a lot of bur

in this part of the city, so always close the windows.

6 The police made a mistake; she was inn

. She did not steal the money.

7 A group of terr

have attacked the airport.

8 He murdered his wife. He was in pr

for 20 years.

34.3 True or false?

1 A burglar goes into someone’s house and steals things. True 2 Vandals take people’s money.

3 A murderer kills someone.

4 A car thief is someone who drives very badly or dangerously.

5 If you are guilty it means you are the person who did the crime.

34.4 Choose the right word to complete each sentence.

1 My brother was robbed / stolen yesterday.

2 Someone robbed / stole my bike last night.

3 My local bank has been robbed / stolen.

4 Who has robbed / stolen my pen?

5 Someone robbed / stole our TV when we were on holiday.

6 Where were you when your keys were robbed / stolen?

Over to you

Give your opinion. What do you think should happen to these people?

1 A man murdered his wife and three children. He should go to prison for 30 years.

2 A student with no money stole a book from a bookshop.

3 A woman sold some drugs to a teenager.

4 Some terrorists attacked a bus and killed five people.

5 A woman parked her car and blocked the traffic.

6 A teenager damaged some trees in the park.

English Vocabulary in Use Elementary

75





35 The media

A

Radio and TV programmes

The news is on TV at 6 o’clock every night. [important things that happen]

Do you watch soaps / soap operas? Home and Away is my favourite. [Soaps are stories about people’s lives. They are often on TV every day.]

I like nature programmes best. [programmes about animals, birds, etc.]

I watched a documentary last night about drugs and crime. [programme looking at a social problem or question]

In talk shows, people talk about themselves or discuss topics with an interviewer.

The children watch cartoons on Saturday mornings. (For example, Disney films with animals that talk. See Unit 24: Cinema.)

My brother likes watching reality TV [programmes that film real people living their lives, not actors].

I always watch sports programmes.

B

Newspapers and magazines

In most countries there are morning (news)papers and evening (news)papers.

Every month, I buy a magazine.

My mother buys women’s magazines.

I like news magazines like Newsweek and Time.

In most magazines and newspapers there are lots of

adverts / advertisements [something that tries to persuade people to buy something].

Other types of magazines: sports magazines / computer magazines / teenage magazines. (See

Unit 25: Free time at home.) C

People and the media

There was an interview with the US President on

TV last night.

The reporters are outside the film star’s house.

[people who go out and get the news stories

where they happen]

My s